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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

260                         BYZANTINE CHURCHES                 CHAP, xvn
the ancient faces of these (figures) are scratched out. The walls of this passage are covered with marble of different colours. It has also three or four high crepidines1 or vaulted compartments (?) with the pictures of the prophets, of the apostles, and of Christ in gold. The master of the house, or rather the builder, or perhaps the founder, o KT^TCD/), and his wife are also painted there in a costume very much the same as is worn to-day, but with a very strange head-ornamentj from which we may conclude that he was one of the most distinguished of the imperial staff, for this ornament looks almost like a duke's biretta of silk and fur ; the belt (cmctura) is of different colours, such as nowadays the Jews or Armenians wear, white and blue mixed. His wife has a veil (peplum] almost like that which Greek women have. The covered passage and the church form one building (porticus muro etiam templl continetur\ entered by two high gates, and comprising four parts, or divided into four parts, i. The covered passage (porticus)^ the walls of which as far as half their height are covered with marble. On the upper part, where the arches begin, and on the arches themselves are the paintings. In this passage or hall stand the women, and do not enter the church as they do not enter other churches^ unless they go to the Lord's supper, 2. Is the church, as such, covered with Turkish rugs, and has only one gate, It has a high dome, which, like the remaining two domes, is entirely gilded and painted, and the walls up to the arches are covered with the most beautiful marble. From this one enters 3. through a low vaulted compartment, with a somewhat lower arch than the foresaid arches, the third part of the church, where the founder with other very beautiful portraits (pictures) is painted in gold. From this one enters 4. a vaulted and also painted, but rather dark place, with many small windows. On the outside of the walls of the church there is this inscription 2—
e          £
A'   o   E     \
Iii front of the porch, vestibule, TrpoTrtA^ of this church Theo-dosius showed me the place where the last Christian emperor Con-stantine, intending to flee at the Turkish conquest of the city, is said to have fallen from his horse and to have been found dead.5
1  In Parker's Glossary of Architecture^ p. 506, the term is defined 'quae vulgariter a volta dicitur' (Matt. Par. 1056).    Du Cange defines the word * caverna ubi viae conveniunt.'
2  According   to   the   Patriarch   Constantius   {Andent   ana   Modern   Constantinople, p. 76), the monogram—       g
0             A
P
was to be seen in his day on the exterior western wall of the Chora.